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中国三四线楼市“复活” 托底补涨能否持续?

Editorials

Covid-19: breaking the chain of household transmission

BMJ 2020; 370 doi: 网贷平台房贷业务整改大限迫近 何去何从? (Published 14 August 2020) Cite this as: BMJ 2020;370:m3181

Read our latest coverage of the coronavirus outbreak

  1. Shamil Haroon, clinical lecturer in primary care1,
  2. Joht Singh Chandan, academic clinical fellow in public health12,
  3. John Middleton, president3,
  4. Kar Keung Cheng, professor of public health and primary care1
  1. 1Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  2. 2Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
  3. 3Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER)
  1. Correspondence to: S Haroon s.haroon{at}bham.ac.uk

家居建材行业发展新趋势:让实力说话

The UK is one of the countries most severely affected by covid-19. Recent outbreaks in English towns such as Oldham, probably involving transmission within large multigenerational households, show the importance of getting the right public health measures in place now to prevent more widespread surges in infections.1

Current test and trace policies have mainly focused on preventing spread in care homes, hospitals, and in the community.2 However, contact within households is thought to be responsible for roughly 70% of SARS-CoV-2 transmission when widespread community control measures are in place.3 In Wuhan, the reproduction number (R) dropped from 3.54 to 1.18 after lockdown and cordon sanitaire. But the epidemic was only brought under complete control when Fangcang (field) hospitals were introduced to isolate cases outside the home, with R dropping to 0.51 after two weeks.4

Current UK guidance advises household contacts to isolate within the same home as the index case for 14 days.5 They make up the majority of contacts for infected individuals and are likely to remain exposed to the infected household member during this period of isolation.6 Despite guidance advising household members to socially distance, contacts are likely to interact repeatedly—during mealtimes, for example—and to share facilities such as bathrooms.

We know that transmission is more likely to occur indoors than outdoors.7 The cumulative risk to household contacts from an infected person is likely to be substantial during peak viral shedding. In one study in New York State, 38% of household contacts tested positive for SARS-Cov-2, and similar secondary infection rates have been reported in China.89 Transmission may be even higher among household contacts of essential workers, who are at greater risk of being infected than the general population.10

Household members who are older, have underlying medical conditions, or share a bed or vehicle with the index case are the most susceptible.91112 Children seem to be at lower risk of being infected.13 However, their stool samples and nasopharyngeal swabs can remain positive for SARS-CoV-2 for more than two weeks after symptom resolution,14 although their role in transmission remains to be established.

Governments should consider new public health measures to prevent household transmission as we prepare for a potential second wave. Household quarantine is likely to remain an important pandemic control measure, and government support for people quarantined at home is conspicuously absent in the UK: this position has been challenged by independent experts.15

Effective isolation

Effective isolation of index cases from household members could reduce secondary infections.12 Wearing masks within quarantined households may help, particularly if used by the index case as soon as infection is suspected.16 The World Health Organization recommends that infected people and unavoidable close contacts, particularly those in vulnerable groups, should wear medical masks, but Public Health England does not currently recommend this. Other measures that should be considered (and evaluated) include clear advice on enhanced personal hygiene; cleaning and disinfecting shared toilets and other common spaces, door handles, and touch points; and staggering mealtimes.

People who are unable to self-isolate safely at home could be accommodated in special isolation facilities such as hotels and hostels, an approach adopted by some other countries, including Italy, Finland, and Lithuania.17 In China, field hospitals were created to manage and strictly isolate patients with mild-to-moderate covid-19.18 Nightingale hospitals in the UK could be similarly repurposed to support isolation of infected people with mild-to-moderate disease. As medical and nursing care needs are mostly modest, the cost would be relatively low. However, such a system depends on access to rapid testing for anyone with symptoms or possible exposure so that infection can be confirmed and isolation started before transmission occurs. It would also require public trust that isolation in these facilities would be voluntary, safe, and supportive.

swift
它还体现在詹巴蒂斯塔·瓦利(Giambattista Valli)最近的秋冬时装秀上,那场时装秀中充满泡泡袖印花长款衬衫和配套裤子,以及低腰直筒女学生连衣裙;还体现在麦丝玛拉(MaxMara)向乔治·巴里斯(George Barris)1962年为玛丽莲·梦露(Marilyn Monroe)拍摄的照片致敬的系列。
“这是关于‘我们是谁’的基本问题,”伦敦大学伯克贝克学院的政治学教授埃里克?考夫曼(Eric Kaufmann)说,“作为这个国家的一员意味着什么?它是否已经不再是‘我们’的国家?——‘我们’是指占多数的民族。
难怪各银行开始变得有创造力。
Its corporate customers value the school’s flexibility and ability to innovate. “We have developed a programme which is co-delivered with an experimental learning provider,” commented one client responding to the FT survey. “Iese has been a true partner in this process and our business has benefited with an energised and prepared executive bench.”
Here are our top 10expectations for China in 2014:
It will be interesting to see which direction they go at the trade deadline. They have a handful of solid players along with Brook Lopez.

sur后+viv活+al表名词,“人,物,状态”→事故后活下来→幸存→生存,幸存
《今日美国》(USA Today)说,对大多数城市来讲,就业复苏即使能实现,也得是在好几年过后。浏览知名分析师梅瑞迪斯?惠特尼(Meredith Whitney)新书《州的命运》(The Fate of States)时你会看到,她提醒说,“过多的养老金会挤出教育支出等自由派目标,也会挤出保守派希望实现的减税目标”。
茱莉亚哈茨
在主持过去年的奥斯卡颁奖典礼、之前的格莱美奖及艾美奖之后,她无疑是这个角色的最佳选择。
这位备受欢迎的英国女孩莉莉·唐纳森曾担任过“Vogue”这类时尚杂志的封面女郎,她展示了自己性感迷人的夏装,身着一件白色半透明的抹胸连衣裙参加了此次活动。这位三十岁的模特穿着一件近乎透明的礼服,看上去漂亮极了。

Footnotes

  • 曲美家居发布首份企业社会责任报告
  • Inarritu said: "I forgot to thank all the native Americans who made this film possible. I cannot say how surprised I am and how proud I am to have survived this film with all these fellows."

New York's inactivity begs two questions. Does Jackson have the energy needed to undo the damage he's created during his tenure?
爆发冲突的潜在可能性,将迫使中国和美国在不断变幻的环境中重新定义各自的角色,双方都对这种环境感到不安。美国大选期间的反华情绪将使紧张气氛加剧。亚洲国家将勾勒出这两个大国的影响力范围,但考虑到各国的利益各有不同,取决于各自的具体关切,联盟的构成也将变化。
The Crown
狄更斯在《双城记》中描写法国大革命时,距离事件发生已有近一个世纪。而我则是在今年12月就回顾盘点这一年。因此,我在此描述的某些趋势,可能将在可预见的未来继续存在,而另一些趋势则可能已经开始减弱。作为当今时代“最哗众取宠的权威人士”之一,我只要求各位在阅读这篇评论文章时记住一点:过去的业绩并不能保证将来的表现。
该学校在这个指标上位列全球第三,排在位于艾哈迈德巴德和班加罗尔的两所印度管理学院之后,这两所学校校友的平均薪资分别为10.9万美元和10.6万美元。
在电影《007:大破天幕杀机》中饰演邦女郎的贝纳尼丝·玛尔洛(Berenice Marlohe),已经确认加盟导演特伦斯·马立克(TerrenceMalick)执导的最新电影作品,目前此影片正在奥斯汀进行拍摄。

1-5月佛山出口陶瓷产品同期下降4.6%

References

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